Tense - Lesson and Interactive Exercises

Tense is the time of action of a verb. Time can never stop. A watch or clock may stop; but time is ceaseless flow like a stream which is unlimited and it does not depend on anything.

Time is preliminary divided into three phases viz. past, present and future. Time which denotes ago or before is past. Time which denotes now is present, and time denotes after or later is future.

When the action of a verb is within the periferi of now is called present tense. As for example: We play football. The students read in class V. Here the action of play and read is neither passes away nor is coming later. So they are in present tense. Now see the change of the form of the same verb according to their time of actions. The students who are in school now, were at home in the morning and in the evening. They will be at home again.

The present, past, and future tense are subdivided into four parts (groups) as according to the four sense of action viz. (a) simple (b) continuing (c) continuing for a period of time or from a particular point of time, and (d) completion of action. 

Present tense Past tense Future tense
simple/Indefinite simple/Indefinite simple/Indefinite
continuous continuous continuous
perfect tense perfect tense perfect tense
perfect continuous perfect continuous perfect continuous

Indefinite Tense

Present indefinite tense

The action of present, Habit and Historic, And truth general, Action of near future, To quote from existing, Work’s of authors and it’s wonderful, To describe the past event, With vividity apart.

We know him. 
We go to school.
This watch keeps good time.
The sun rises in the east.
He comes tomorrow.
Bruke says, “The use of force is but temporary”.
The king Asoke now stops his invasion.

Here is to note that when the subject is in third person and in singular number , the verb takes ‘s’ or ‘es’ after it. Please also note that the verb ending in ‘o’ takes ‘es’, and ending in ‘y’ preceded by consonant replaces ‘y’ by ‘ies’. For example:

He goes to school. 

Ram reads well. 

The child carries his bag full of books on his back.

Past indefinite tense

Simple past tense expresses:

The action happened in the past,

Action actually going on in the past, 


To address deprecatory or polite apart.

Only past form of the verb is used in this case. Examples:

 He went home. 

Rome brunt (was burning), Neru fiddled (was fiddling). 
Could you please tell me the time. 
Was this short of thing you wanted?

Future indefinite tense

 The tense denotes the action that will happen in future/ later. Such as: I shall go there. Here the verb is in present form along with shall/will (shall/will + verb in present form)

Continuous Tense

Please minutely observe the following sentences:

I am going now.

Dear, I was lying be him the screen now. 

Now look, in the above sentences, how the verbs takes the help of auxiliary verb be/ shall/ will and the aid of ‘ing’. So the form of verb in the present continuous tense is am/is/are and verb + ‘ing’. The form of verb in the past continuous tense is was/were and verb +ing. Similarly the form of verb in the future continuous tense is shall be/ will be and verb +‘ing’.

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